How to Install Apache Maven on Ubuntu 22.04

Channel: Linux
Abstract: the environment will automatically load. You have successfully installed and configured Apache Maven on your Ubuntu system. You can check the installe

Apache Maven is developed for the building the Java-based applications. It can also build applications written in C#, Ruby, Scala, and other languages. Maven is very helpful for starting new build applications in various environments. It can manage a project’s build, reporting, and documentation from a central piece of information.

Maven maintains its own repository containing a large number of user libraries and still growing. That helps applications fulfill the dependencies during the build. In most situations, Maven nullifies the version conflict by locating the correct Jar files.

In this tutorial, we will show 2 methods to install and configure Apache Maven on Ubuntu 22.04 Linux system. This article will also apply to other Ubuntu, Debian, and Linux Mint systems.

Installing Java

Apache Maven can be configured on any system that has Java installed. The latest Maven version required JDK 1.7 or newer versions. On Ubuntu, you can run the following command to install JDK 11:

sudo apt update 
sudo apt install default-jdk 

Once the Java is installed, check the current default set Java version:

java -version 
openjdk 11.0.7 2020-04-14
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1, mixed mode, sharing)
Method 1: Installing Maven Using Apt

We can quickly install the Apache Maven using the Apt package manager. Open a terminal and execute following command:

sudo apt install maven 
Installing Maven on Ubuntu

You will notice that the old version of Apache Maven was installed from the Apt repository. The second method will help you to install the latest Maven version on the Ubuntu system.

Method 2: Installing Latest Maven From Source Code

Follow the below instructions to install Latest Maven version on Ubuntu systems:

  1. You can download Apache maven from its official website or use following command to download Apache Maven 3.8.5 on your system.
  2. Now extract the downloaded Maven archive file using the following command.
    sudo tar xzf apache-maven-3.8.5-bin.tar.gz -C /opt 
    sudo ln -s /opt/apache-maven-3.8.5 /opt/maven 

    The above commands will extract Maven under /opt directory and create a symbolic link /opt/maven to that directory.

  3. As you have downloaded pre-compiled Apache Maven files on your system. Now set the environments variables by creating new file /etc/profile.d/
    sudo vi /etc/profile.d/ 

    Add below content to the file:

    export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-java export M2_HOME=/opt/maven export MAVEN_HOME=/opt/maven export PATH=${M2_HOME}/bin:${PATH}1234export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-javaexport M2_HOME=/opt/mavenexport MAVEN_HOME=/opt/mavenexport PATH=${M2_HOME}/bin:${PATH}

    Save your file and close it.

  4. Next load the environment variables in the current shell using the following command.
    source /etc/profile.d/ 

    During the next system reboot, the environment will automatically load.

  5. You have successfully installed and configured Apache Maven on your Ubuntu system. You can check the installed Maven version with the following command:
    mvn -version 
    Check Maven Version
  6. Finally, clean up the disk by removing the downloaded archive file.
    rm -f apache-maven-3.8.5-bin.tar.gz 
Uninstall (Remove) Apache Maven

If the Apache Maven is no longer required, you can uninstall it from your system.

Use the following command to uninstall maven using Apt package manager.

sudo apt remove --purge maven 

If you have installed maven from the source code, use the following commands to remove it.

sudo unlink /opt/maven 
sudo rm -rf /opt/apache-maven-3.8.5 

In this tutorial, You have learned about the installation of Apache Maven on the Ubuntu system.

Ref From: tecadmin

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